Epulides are localized growths on the gingival (gums). Most epulides are benign lesions or -tumors, but malignant tumors can present as epulis as well. Therefore, they should always be histopathologically examined to determine the real nature of the lesion.
The most common benign type of epulides in dogs is focal fibrous hyperplasia. These tumors do not metastasize but can become quite extensive. Complete surgical removal must include tissues up to and including the periodontal ligament. Complete excision is curative.